Category Archives: Chronic Disease

The Media Reveals The Truth About Obesity In America

Recent News Articles Discuss Obesity In America

The Centers For Disease Control Report: The State of Obesity 2020: Better Policies For A Healthier America cites adult obesity at 42.4 percent, the highest ever, and the first time the 40 percent mark has been exceeded.

In 2015-2016 the U.S. prevalence of obesity was 39.8 percent, affecting 93.8 million American adults.  Centers For Disease Control And Prevention

USNEWS.COM 2/10/21Obesity Helps Drive Half of New Diabetes Cases Among Americans, By Amy Norton HealthDay Reporter

PUBLICHEALTH.ORG 2/27/21 – Obesity In America 

CBS NEWS 5/3/13  – CDC 80 Percent Of American Adults Don’t Get Recommended Exercise, By Ryan Jaslow

PSYCHOLOGY TODAY.COM 10/21/12Top Five Ways American Culture is Making You Fat, By Azadeh Aalai, Ph.D

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF DIABETES, DIGESTIVE AND KIDNEY HEALTH 7/25/17 – Overweight & Obesity Statistics: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States

NYPOST.COM 9/20/2016 –This Is Why You’re Fat, America, By Reed Tucker

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.COM 8/14/16 – Cancer’s Hidden Helper: Your Fat, By Matthew Tontonoz

CONSUMER HEALTHDAY.COM 12/31/19 – Why Is There An Obesity Epidemic?, By Chris Woolston, HealthDay Reporter

FORTUNE.COM 6/28/18 – A Shocking Percentage of Americans Don’t Exercise Enough, CDC Says, By Sarah Gray

NEWSWEEK.COM 1/11/18 – America Is So Out Of Shape And Fat, It’s Putting U.S. Army Soldiers In Danger, By John Haltiwanger

MILITARY TIMES.COM 10/3/18 –  A Staggering Number Of Troops Are Fat And Tired, Report Says, By J.D. Simkins

THE ATLANTIC.COM 3/23/16 –  Less Than 3 Percent of Americans Live a ‘Healthy Lifestyle’ : Depressing Statistics From A New Study, By Julie Beck

BOSTON GLOBE.COM 4/14/13 – Exercise Goals Are Increasing, But Most Americans Do Not Work Out Enough, By Robert Weisman

NBC NEWS.COM 10/16/13 –  The ‘Real’Shape Of The American Man: Dudes, You’re Porky!, By Bill Briggs

ARMYTIMES.COM 10/10/18 – America’s Obesity Is Threatening National Security, According To This Study, By Meghann Myers

THE WASHINGTON POST 12/1/16 – Nearly Half Of America’s Overweight People Don’t’Realize They’re Overweight, By Christopher Ingraham

STATE OF OBESITY.ORG (ROBERT WOOD JOHNSON FDN) September 2020 –  Physical Inactivity in the United States

CNN HEALTH 4/10/17Why Are Fewer Americans Trying To Lose Weight?, By Jacqueline Howard CNN

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC.COM 8/24/04 Vol. 206, Issue 2 – Why Are We So Fat?, By Cathy Newman

CBS NEWS.COM/Healthday 11/21/18Most Americans Spend Too Much Time Sitting, Study Finds, By Steven Reinberg

Irene Pastore, is a Certified Personal Trainer, fitness blogger, health educator, and speaker. She has 23 years experience teaching exercise in New York City..  For her complete bio, visit the About Page.


Fat Acceptance and Arthritis

What Is Fat Acceptance?

Fat Acceptance is a social movement, that promotes changing cultural attitudes, towards overweight and obese people.

Other names for fat acceptance is fat liberation, fat power, big is beautiful, and health at every size.

Advocates of fat acceptance want to change the collective bias about overweight people.  They believe that health is independent of body weight.

In February 2016, fashion model, Cheryl Tiegs was criticized, and subsequently apologized,  for her comments about Sports Illustrated full-figure cover model Ashley Graham, who at 5’9″, weighs 182 pounds.

Tiegs quoted Dr. Oz, that being over-sized isn’t healthy in the long run.

Fat Acceptance Is Medically Unsound

The outcomes of excess fat aren’t glamorous.  Medical studies have shown that overweight and obesity are risk factors for chronic, and sometimes life-threatening diseases such as:

  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis and Obesity

Excess weight causes a break down in joint cartilage, causing pain, swelling, and problems moving the joint.  Cartilage provides cushioning between the bones. In osteoarthritis, bone rubs against bone, creating joint damage and more pain.

Eventually a doctor will give an obese patient bad news about the effects of carrying around excess weight.  An overweight person can expect any or all of the following conditions:

  • A knee or hip replacement
  • Ruptured spinal discs
  • Pain medication
  • Decline in quality of life
  • Loss of balance
  • Back ache

Facts About Obesity and Arthritis

  • Being only 10 pounds overweight increases the force on the knee by 30-60 pounds with each step.
  • Overweight women have nearly 4 times the risk of knee osteoarthritis.  For overweight men, the risk is 5 times greater.
  • Even small amounts of weight loss reduces the risk of developing knee osteoarthritis.
  • A person who is 100 pounds overweight, puts 400 extra pounds of pressure on their knees.
  • The more weight on your joints, the greater the chances of cartilage breakdown, and premature damage to the knees, hips and lumbar spine.

Irene Pastore is a native New Yorker, health and fitness blogger, and personal trainer. Irene owns this website, and writes all the blog posts. For her complete bio, visit the About Page.

Copyright 2016 Irene Pastore and Tour De


How To Do The Seated Pelvic Tilt Exercise

What Is A Pelvic Tilt Exercise?

The pelvic tilt is an easy core exercise that stretches low back muscles. The exercise can be performed seated, standing, or lying on your back.

When Should You Do The Pelvic Tilt Exercise?

Pregnant women benefit from pelvic tilting because it prevents RED EXERCISE BALL GOOGLE IMAGEprenatal low back ache.  People who experience low back pain, caused by muscular tightness, will find that pelvic tilting, along with strengthening the abs, and back, will help alleviate low back discomfort  The pelvic tilt is also used by Pilates teachers, physical therapists, and personal trainers, who help their clients improve posture.

Equipment You’ll Need

Exercise Ball.  If you don’t have an exercise ball, use a sturdy chair.

Benefits of the Pelvic Tilt Exercise

Stretches low back muscles.

How To Do The Seated Pelvic Tilt Exercise In 3 Steps

  1. Sit on an exercise ball, with your knees at right angles. Your feet should be hip width apart, and touch the floor.
  2. Be sure you feel stable before beginning the exercise.  If you can’t stabilize your body on the exercise ball, use a sturdy chair instead.
  3. Move slowly throughout the movement, as you tilt  your low back, and then sit up tall.

Pelvic Tilt Exercise On Exercise Ball

IRENE PORTRAIT picassa blue borderIrene Pastore is a native New Yorker, health and fitness blogger, and personal trainer. Irene owns this website, and writes all the blog posts. For her complete bio, visit the About Page.

Copyright 2016 Irene Pastore and Tour De

4 Step Back Solution

Got an achy back?  You’re not alone.  Back pain is the number 2 reason for doctor visits, and one of the most common reasons for missed work.

What should you do if your back hurts all the time?  First, check with your doctor to find out whether your back ache is caused by daily habits, muscular weakness, or an accident.

If your doctor tells you there is structural damage to bone, ligament, tendon or muscle, he/she may prescribe medication,  and/or a treatment plan.

If your doctor discovers that the reason for your back pain is muscular weakness, or daily habits, and that participating in regular exercise will help, then you can begin doing exercise.


1) Stretch your back with Yoga poses, or Pilates exercises.

2) Strengthen your core muscles, especially the abdominal, and back muscles. Muscles work in pairs. That’s why they should be strengthened, and stretched in equal measure.

3) Avoid sleeping on your stomach.  When you sleep on your stomach, your pelvis tips forward, tightening the low back muscles.  In the morning you’ll wake up with a backache. Instead, sleep on your side, or on your back.

While you sleep on your back, place a pillow under your knees to help stretch your back muscles.  While sleeping on your side, place a pillow between your knees to ease your low back.

4) Practice the pelvic tilting exercise.  This exercise stretches your low back muscles.  Pelvic tilting can be done while standing against a wall, lying on your back, or seated on a chair, or on an exercise ball.

IRENE PORTRAIT picassa blue borderIrene Pastore is a native New Yorker, health and fitness blogger, and personal trainer. Irene owns this website, and writes all the blog posts. For her complete bio, visit the About Page.

Copyright 2016 Irene Pastore and Tour De


Get Hired: Improve Your Posture

What does your posture say about you when you walk in to a job interview?  Is your head jutting forward, and down? Are your shoulders rounded?  Is your appearance slouched?  If so, you’re not exactly portraying an air of confidence.



In today’s era of electronic devices, most working adults are in the habit of bending their neck forward, with the chin toward the chest.

As they slouch at their desk, use their cell phone, watch TV,  videos, or surfing the web, their shoulders and upper back round forward,  while the head juts forward and down.

Over time, looking down at your cell phone, removes the natural curve of your neck, puts strain on the muscles of your cervical spine, causing pinched nerves, and herniated discs.  Doctors are seeing more patients with mobile technology-induced head, neck and back pain.

Chronic downward tilting of your head, is the result of lifestyle habits that encourage what chiropractors, and orthopedic doctors refer to as, forward head posture, and thoracic kyphosis, a rounding of the upper back.

Frequent cell phone texting is an example of a lifestyle habit that may result in poor spinal health.

Forward leaning of your head tightens chest muscles, and weakens the upper back. When your upper back weakens, it develops a rounded appearance, while your chest appears caved in, and your shoulders collapse forward.

On a job interview, you’ll want to look healthy and confident. Slumping forward with your head down conveys the opposite.


Take heart, there is a solution to your problem.  It’s called corrective exercise.  Poor upper back, and neck posture can be reversed with strengthening exercises that target your upper back, stretching exercises that open the chest, and strengthening exercises for the back of your neck.

Copyright 2015 Irene Pastore, and Tour De Core Personal Training